The HIV epidemic in Nigeria is believed to have started in the 1980s with the first case reported in 1986. Nigeria is currently experiencing a generalized epidemic with states HIV prevalence persistently above 1% in pregnant women attending antenatal clinics. In 2003, it was estimated that about 3.8million persons were living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria.
The HIV prevalence amongst pregnant women aged 15 - 49 years has declined over the last few years (5.8% in 2001 to 5% in 2003 and 4.4% in 2005). The analysis of median prevalence of sites that participated consistently in the survey from 2001 to 2005 shows decreasing median trend. The same trend has been observed among young pregnant women aged 15 - 24 years. Several factors may explain the observed decline including the effect of the ongoing intervention efforts, the increase in the number of rural survey sites and death of those previously infected. Based on the current HIV prevalence in the country, it is estimated that about 2.9 to 33 million people are presently living with HIV/AIDS.
The prevalence rate of the infection in Edo state changed from 0.00% in 1991 to 5.7% in 2001 and 4.6 in 2005. A community rapid assessment conducted by the Global HIV/AIDS Initiative Nigeria (GHAIN) in Edo state, shows that factors driving the spread of HIV/AIDS pandemic in the state are interspersed by and in some cases overshadowed by issues of international trafficking for purposes of sexual slavery, adolescent reproductive health issues and a cultural context with tremendous implication for sexuality and belief in cure and treatment of diseases. Several risk settings and risk groups were identified in the three local government areas that were involved in the study. Despite the fact that the Edo State Government was enforcing a law prohibiting trafficking in persons as well as prostitution (Law No. 13 of 2000) at the time of the community rapid assessment, the assessment team found that female sex workers were a significant at risk group

HIV/AIDS  Programme
The response of government, civil society and private sector for profit organizations was found weak and in many cases non-existent. To complement the effort of the Edo State Government and to address the programmatic gaps in the area of counseling and testing for returnees of sex trafficking and other vulnerable women and youths in the communities, Global HIV/AIDS Initiative Nigeria (GHAIN) conducted an assessment of Idia Renaissance an NGO that has a Youth Resource Center to determine their needs and possible areas of collaboration in the area of counseling, testing and referral for quality HIV/AIDS services.
To make quality counseling and testing (C&T) services available, accessible and affordable to the women and youth population of Edo state through Idia Renaissance while increasing awareness of and demand for CT in order to mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS in the state.
1.    To build the capacity of Idia Renaissance to provide quality C&T services to the general population in Edo state
2.    To strengthen networks between Idia Renaissance and other support services (ART, counseling centers, home based care, community groups) provided in Edo state
3.    To increase C&T service coverage to at least 20 new local communities in Edo State
4.    To provide quality CT services to at least 3,500 people by September 2007
To obtain the stated objectives, the project applied best practices in the following programme areas
1.    Counseling and testing (C&T) client-initiated and provider-initiated (CT)
2.    Behaviour change communication (including CT demand creation and anti-stigma/discrimination activities)

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